Supported data formats

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Supported Data Formats

QGIS uses the GDAL/OGR library to read and write vector and raster data formats. Note that not all of the format listed below may work in QGIS for various reasons. For example, some require external commercial libraries or the GDAL installation of your OS was not build to support the format you want to use. Only those formats that have been well tested will appear in the list of file types when loading a vector or raster into QGIS. Other untested formats can be loaded by selecting *.*.

OGR Vector Formats

At the date of this document, the following formats are supported by the OGR library [#!OGRweb!#]. A complete is also available at <P>

  • Arc/Info Binary Coverage
  • Comma Separated Value (.csv)
  • ESRI Personal GeoDatabase
  • ESRI Shapefile
  • FMEObjects Gateway
  • GeoJSON
  • Geoconcept Export
  • GeoRSS
  • GML
  • GMT
  • GPX
  • GRASS Vector
  • Informix DataBlade
  • IHO S-57 (ENC)
  • Mapinfo File
  • Microstation DGN
  • OGDI Vectors
  • ODBC
  • Oracle Spatial
  • PostgreSQL
  • SDTS
  • SQLite
  • UK .NTF
  • U.S. Census TIGER/Line
  • VRT - Virtual Datasource
  • X-Plane/Flighgear aeronautical data


GDAL Raster Formats

<P> At the date of this document, the following formats are supported by the GDAL library [#!GDALweb!#]. A complete is also available at


  • Arc/Info ASCII Grid
  • ADRG/ARC Digitilized Raster Graphics
  • Arc/Info Binary Grid (.adf)
  • Magellan BLX Topo (.blx, .xlb)
  • Microsoft Windows Device Independent Bitmap (.bmp)
  • BSB Nautical Chart Format (.kap)
  • VTP Binary Terrain Format (.bt)
  • CEOS (Spot for instance)
  • First Generation USGS DOQ (.doq)
  • New Labelled USGS DOQ (.doq)
  • Military Elevation Data (.dt0, .dt1)
  • ERMapper Compressed Wavelets (.ecw)
  • ESRI .hdr Labelled
  • ENVI .hdr Labelled Raster
  • Envisat Image Product (.n1)
  • EOSAT FAST Format
  • FITS (.fits)
  • Graphics Interchange Format (.gif)
  • GMT compatible netCDF
  • GRASS Rasters
  • Golden Software Binary Grid
  • TIFF / BigTIFF / GeoTIFF (.tif)
  • Hierarchical Data Format Release 4 (HDF4)
  • Hierarchical Data Format Release 5 (HDF5)
  • ILWIS Raster Map (.mpr,.mpl)
  • Intergraph Raster
  • Erdas Imagine (.img)
  • Atlantis MFF2e
  • Japanese DEM (.mem)
  • JPEG JFIF (.jpg)
  • JPEG2000 (.jp2, .j2k)
  • NOAA Polar Orbiter Level 1b Data Set (AVHRR)
  • Erdas 7.x .LAN and .GIS
  • In Memory Raster
  • Vexcel MFF
  • Vexcel MFF2
  • Atlantis MFF
  • Multi-resolution Seamless Image Database MrSID
  • NITF
  • NetCDF
  • OGDI Bridge
  • Oracle Spatial Georaster
  • OGC Web Coverage Server
  • OGC Web Map Server
  • PCI .aux Labelled
  • PCI Geomatics Database File
  • PCRaster
  • Portable Network Graphics (.png)
  • Netpbm (.ppm,.pgm)
  • USGS ASCII DEM (.dem)
  • X11 Pixmap (.xpm) <P>